A policy of producing goods that rapidly become obsolete and so require replacing, achieved by frequent changes in design, termination of the supply of spare parts, and the use of non-durable materials.
Devices used for entertainment, communication, or recreation such as televisions, laptops, printers, radios, mobile phones, digital cameras, games consoles and sports equipment.
Larger non-portable or semi-portable machines used for routine housekeeping tasks such as washing machines, dishwashers, and fridges.
A measure of the degree to and ease with which a product can be repaired and maintained, usually by citizens. Repairable products are put in contrast with products designed with planned obsolescence.
Right to repair
Right to repair is the legal concept that allows citizens to repair and/or modify the products they buy (see UK Right to Repair). While a global concern, the primary debate over the issue has been centered on the United States, European Union, and UK.
Smaller more portable machines used for household tasks such as kettles, toasters, microwaves, vacuums and light fixtures
A written guarantee issued to the purchaser of an article by its manufacturer promising to repair or replace it if necessary within a specified time period